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Wood Species: Specifications

Acacia

Other Names:
Acacia Mollissima

Description:

  • Hardness: 1,750 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 17,500 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 2,080 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 540 Tangential
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 0.0 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 0.0 %

Amendoim/Ybarro

Other Names:
Pterogyne nitens

Description:

  • Hardness: 1,658 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 16,900 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 2,030 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 800
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 6.0 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 3.4 %

Andiroba

Other Names:
Carapa guianensis

Description:

  • Hardness: 1,220 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 15,620 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 1,850 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 656
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 7.6 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 3.1 %

Angelim Pedra

Other Names:
Hymenolobium excelsum

Description:

  • Hardness: 1,720 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 17,600 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 2,050 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 464
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 7.1 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 4.4

Ash

Other Names:
Fraxinus americana

Description:

  • Hardness: 1,200 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 15,000 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 1,660 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 769
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 7.8 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 4.9 %

Australian Cypress

Other Names:
Taxodium distichium

Description:

  • Hardness: 1,375 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 11,400 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 1,300 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 464
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 2.8 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 2.1 %

Bacana Cayenne

Other Names:
Copaifera spp

Description:

  • Hardness: 1,420 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 21,200 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 2,650 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 550
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 9.2 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 4.4 %

Bacana Chestnut

Other Names:
Copaifera spp

Description:

  • Hardness: 1,740 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 21,200 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 2,650 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 550
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 9.2 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 4.4 %

Bacana Honey

Other Names:
Copaifera spp

Description:

  • Hardness: 1,420 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 21,200 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 2,650 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 550
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 9.2 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 4.4 %

Bamboo

Other Names:
Bambusae spp.

Description:

  • Hardness: 1,380 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 24,700 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 1,220 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 400
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 0.0 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 0.0 %

Beech

Other Names:
Fagus grandifolia

Description:

  • Hardness: 1,300 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 14,940 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 1,730 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 721
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 11.9 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 5.5 %

Birch

Other Names:
Betula alleghaniensis

Description:

  • Hardness: 1,260 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 16,500 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 2,020 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 720
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 9.0 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 6.5 %

Bloodwood

Other Names:
Brosimum paraense

Description:

  • Hardness: 2,900 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 21,597 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 1,890 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 864
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 8.0 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 4.0 %

Bolivian Walnut

Other Names:
Terminalia spp., Tanimbuca, Fukadi

Description:

  • Hardness: 1,223 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 22,380 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 1,560 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 464
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 9.2 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 5.9 %

Brazilian Cherry

Other Names:
Hymenaea coubarilil

Description:

  • Hardness: 2,350 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 19,400 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 2,160 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 800
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 6.2 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 4.8 %

Brazilian Maple

Other Names:
Balfourodendron riedelianum

Description:

  • Hardness: 1,987 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 19,870 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 2,022 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 800
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 8.8 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 4.6 %

Brazilian Oak

Other Names:
Couratari oblongifolia

Description:

  • Hardness: 1,500 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 13,520 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 1,800 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 640
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 7.3 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 4.1 %

Brazilian Olive /Taxi

Other Names:
Tachigali myrmecophila

Description:

  • Hardness: 1,600 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 18,800 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 1,880 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 570
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 7.5 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 5.2 %

Brazilian Redwood

Other Names:
Manilkara bidentata

Description:

  • Hardness: 3,190 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 29,200 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 3,450 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 977
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 9.4 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 6.3 %

Brazilian Rosewood

Other Names:
Dalbergia nigra, Babia Rosewood, South American Rosewood, Urauna

Description:

  • Hardness: 2,440 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 19,000 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 1,880 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 897
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 4.6 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 2.9 %

Burma Walnut

Other Names:
Acacia Mollissima, Acacia, Black Wattle, Burma Walnut

Description:

  • Hardness: 1,750 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 17,500 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 2,080 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 736
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 0.0 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 0.0 %

Cherry

Other Names:
Prunus serotina

Description:

  • Hardness: 950 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 12,330 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 1,490 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 544
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 7.1 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 3.7 %

Cumaru

Other Names:
Dipterix odorata

Description:

  • Hardness: 3,540 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 22,400 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 3,030 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 1,041
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 8.4 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 5.4 %

Cypress

Other Names:
Taxodium distichum, Bald cypress, Pond Cypress, Buck Cypress, Gulf Cypress

Description:

  • Hardness: 1,375 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 10,500 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 1,335 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 464
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 6.0 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 4.0 %

Douglas Fir

Other Names:
Pseudotsuga menziesii, Blue Douglas-fir, British Columbia pine, British Colubian pine, Coast Douglas-fir, Colorado Douglas-fir, Colorado Pino real, Colorado real, Columbian Pine, Douglas spruce, Inland Douglas-fir, Interior Douglas-fir, Oregon Douglas-fir, Oregon pine, Puget Sound pine, Red fir, Rocky Mountain Douglas-fir, Yellow fir

Description:

  • Hardness: 660 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 12,600 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 1,830 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 530
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 7.6 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 4.8 %

Eucalyptus

Other Names:
Eucalyptus grandis, Flooded Gum, Rose Gum, Scrub Gum, Grandis gum, Saligna gum, Sydney blue gum, Kalitunsi

Description:

  • Hardness: 1,125 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 16,200 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 1,880 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 624
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 6.6 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 4.6 %

European Beech

Other Names:
Fagus sulvatica, Carpathian beech, Common beech, Danish beech, English beech, European beech, Fayard, French beech, Japanese beech, Rod bok, Romanian beech, Rumanian beech, Slavonian beech, Varlig bok, Yugoslavian beech

Description:

  • Hardness: 1,350 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 15,700 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 1,450 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 721
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 11.8 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 5.8 %

Garapa

Other Names:
Apuleia leiocarpa

Description:

  • Hardness: 1,658 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 20,043 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 2,351 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 830
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 10.0 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 6.5 %

Greenheart

Other Names:
Ocotea rodiaei

Description:

  • Hardness: 2,360 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 26,200 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 3,040 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 1,009
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 9.6 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 8.8 %

Guajara / Moabi

Other Names:
Baillonella toxisperma

Description:

  • Hardness: 2,100 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 25,300 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 2,200 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 820
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 7.5 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 5.9%

Hevea

Other Names:
Heavea brasiliensis, Rubberwood, Árbol de caucho, Sibi-sibi, Mapalapa, Seringa, Seringuera, Capi, Jéve, Shiringa

Description:

  • Hardness: 995 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 9,500 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 1,300 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 592
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 5.1 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 2.3 %

Hickory

Other Names:
Carya spp, Bitter pecan, Hickory, Pecan hickory, Sweet pecan, Nutmeg Hickory, Bitternut, Bitternut hickory, Swamp hickory, Water hickory, Wild pecan, Bitter pecan Nogal morado, Nuez encarcelada

Description:

  • Hardness: 1,820 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 13,700 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 1,730 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 620
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 8.9 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 4.9 %

Indian Rosewood

Other Names:
Dalbergia latifolia, Bombay blackwood, Bombay rosewood, East Indian rosewood, Indian Palisandre, Vitti, Yerugudu

Description:

  • Hardness: 3,170 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 16,920 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 1,780 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 850
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 5.8 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 2.7 %

Ipe

Other Names:
Tabebuia spp, Brazilian Ebony, Brazilian Walnut, Ironwood, Irontree, Tajibo, Guayacan, Lapacho, Arcwood

Description:

  • Hardness: 3,680 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 25,400 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 3,140 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 945
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 8.0 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 6.6 %

Kurupayra / Angico

Other Names:
Anadenanthera marocarpa

Description:

  • Hardness: 3,840 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 29,290 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 2,600 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 1,050
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 4.6 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 7.6 %

Lapacho Ipe

Other Names:
Tabebuia spp

Description:

  • Hardness: 3,684 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 25,360 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 3,140 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 945
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 8.0 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 6.6

Maple

Other Names:
Acer spp, Ahorn, Erable, European maple, Field maple, Bird’s Eye maple, Black maple, Canadian maple, Curly maple, Fiddleback maple, Hard maple, Rock maple, Sugar maple, White maple, Bigleaf maple, Broadleaf maple, Oregon maple, Pacific Coast maple, Western maple, Silver maple, Soft maple, White maple, Ashleaf maple, Boxelder, Manitoba maple

Description:

  • Hardness: 1,450 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 10,700 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 1,450 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 755
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 9.9 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 4.8 %

Massaranduba

Other Names:
Manilkara bidentata

Description:

  • Hardness: 3,190 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 29,200 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 3,520 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 977
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 9.4 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 6.3 %

Merbau

Other Names:
Intsia biuga / Instia palembanica spp, Ipil, Kwila, Lumpha, Lumpho, tat-talun, Vesi

Description:

  • Hardness: 1,712 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 21,300 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 2,610 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 800
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 6.6 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 2.6 %

Morado

Other Names:
Machaerium scleroxylon, Caviuna, Pau-ferro, Jacarandá-violeta

Description:

  • Hardness: 1,780 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 17,700 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 1,351 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 880
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 6.6 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 2.6 %

Nyatoh

Other Names:
Palaquium spp, Bauvudi, Nato, Njatuh, Jangkar

Description:

  • Hardness: 1,195 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 14,445 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 1,965 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 540
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 4.0 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 3.0 %

Okan

Other Names:
Cylicodiscus Gabunensis, Denya, Edum, Adoum, Bokoka, Bouémon

Description:

  • Hardness: 2,780 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 20,300 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 2,330 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 945
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 8.8 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 6.0 %

Para Rosewood

Other Names:
Platymiscium spp

Description:

  • Hardness: 2,406 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 27,600 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 3,200 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 1,009
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 3.5 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 2.7 %

Patagonian Rosewood

Other Names:
Anadenanthera colubrina

Description:

  • Hardness: 3,840 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 29,290 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 2,595 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 993
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 4.6 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 7.6 %

Pecan

Other Names:
Carya spp, Bitter pecan, Hickory, Pecan hickory, Sweet pecan, Nutmeg Hickory, Bitternut, Bitternut hickory, Swamp hickory, Water hickory, Wild pecan, Bitter pecan Nogal morado, Nuez encarcelada

Description:

  • Hardness: 1,820 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 13,700 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 1,730 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 620
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 8.9 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 4.9 %

Purpleheart

Other Names:
Peltogyne spp, Amaranth, Daba, Dachitan, Purplewood, Violet Wood

Description:

  • Hardness: 1,860 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 19,220 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 2,420 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 913
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 6.1 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 3.2 %

Red Cumaru

Other Names:
Dipterix odorata

Description:

  • Hardness: 3,540 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 2,400 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 3,030 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 1,041
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 8.4 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 5.4 %

Red Oak

Other Names:
Quercus spp, American red oak, Black oak, Canadian red oak, Gray oak, Northern red oak, Southern red oak, Scarlet oak, Spanish oak

Description:

  • Hardness: 1,290 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 14,300 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 1,820 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 700
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 8.6 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 4.0 %

Royal Mahogany

Other Names:
Carapa guianensis, Crabwood, Cedro Macho, Carapa, Andiroba

Description:

  • Hardness: 1,220 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 15,620 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 1,850 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 650
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 7.6 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 3.1 %

Rubberwood

Other Names:
Hevea Brasiliensis, Hevea, Para Rubertree, Árbol de caucho, Sibi-sibi, Mapalapa, Seringa, Seringuera, Capi, Jéve, Shiringa

Description:

  • Hardness: 95 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 9,500 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 1,300 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 592
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 5.1 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 2.3 %

Santos Mahogany

Other Names:
Myroxylon balsamum, Balsamo, Cabreuva, Balsamito, Cabore, Caboriba, Bosnian Pine, Incensio, Quina, Tache

Description:

  • Hardness: 2,200 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 25,400 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 2,060 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 900
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 6.2 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 3.8 %

Sapele Mahogany

Other Names:
Entandrophragma cylindricum, Aboudikro, Penkwa, Muyovu, Sapelli, Sapele, Libuyu

Description:

  • Hardness: 1,510 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 16,000 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 1,700 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 674
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 7.4 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 4.6 %

Sucupira

Other Names:
Bowdichia spp, Tiete Chestnut, Sapupira, Alcornoque, Hudoke

Description:

  • Hardness: 3,540 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 25,100 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 2,600 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 993
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 7.8 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 6.0 %

Tarara

Other Names:
Centrolobium microchaete, Canary Wood

Description:

  • Hardness: 3,200 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 18,600 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 2,130 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 700
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 4.0 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 3.0 %

Tatajuba

Other Names:
Bagassa guianensis

Description:

  • Hardness: 2,220 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 20,050 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 2,580 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 785
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 6.6 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 5.2 %

Tauari

Other Names:
Couratari oblongifolia

Description:

  • Hardness: 880 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 13,520 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 1,540 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 640
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 7.3 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 4.1 %

Tiete Chestnut

Other Names:
Bowdichia spp, Tiete Chestnut, Sapupira, Alcornoque, Hudoke

Description:

  • Hardness: 3,540 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 25,100 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 2,600 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 993
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 7.8 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 6.0 %

Tiete Rosewood

Other Names:
Guibourtia chodatianal, Bolivian Rosewood, Sirari

Description:

  • Hardness: 2,800 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 15,830 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 2,030 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 993
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 7.0 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 4.0 %

TigerWood

Other Names:
Astronium graveolens

Description:

  • Hardness: 2,160 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 16,620 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 2,230 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 961
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 7.6 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 4.0 %

Timborana

Other Names:
Piptadenia suaveolens

Description:

  • Hardness: 1,680 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 19,700 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 2,480 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 913
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 7.5 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 4.4 %

Walnut

Other Names:
Juglans spp

Description:

  • Hardness: 1,010 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 14,650 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 1,680 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 433
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 5.5 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 7.8 %

Western Red Cedar

Other Names:
Thuja plicata

Description:

  • Hardness: 350 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 7,500 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 1,110 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 384
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 5.0 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 2.4 %

White Oak

Other Names:
Quercus spp

Description:

  • Hardness: 1,360 pounds
  • Strength (MOR): 15,200 psi
  • Stiffness (MOE): 1,780 1000 psi
  • Density (KG/m3): 769
  • Tangential Shrinkage: 5.6 %
  • Radial Shrinkage: 10.5 %